How To Get Involved In European Policy (2023)

Danish Citizenship


European Union Migration and asylum in the EU According to the Treaty of Lisbon which came into force on December 1, 2009, the European Union and the Member States share competence in migration and asylum policy which is part of a broader policy area – freedom, security and justice. Status of non-citizen and stateless person Information on losing the status of non-citizen, obtaining the status of a stateless person and losing the status of a stateless person. Renunciation of turkish citizenship by investment of Latvia A citizen of Latvia who is also a citizen of another state or who is guaranteed the citizenship of another state has the right to renounce Latvian citizenship. Questions and answers regarding declaration of the place of residence Frequently asked questions about declaring place of residence and answers to them. My data in the Register of Natural Persons Information about service “My data in the Register of Natural Persons”, methods of requesting information, etc.
How To Get Involved In European Policy (1)
Logistic discrete time models are also preferable when the data have many ties, i.e. many individuals are experiencing the event at the same time . Predicted probabilities of naturalizing by marriage according to changes in individual, family, and contextual variables. We ran a logistic discrete-time model with competing risks to test these individual, family, and contextual factors net of other factors. Results in Table A1 in the Appendix show the marginal effects of naturalizing in a given year by each track, separately for the full sample of migrants as well as for non-EU migrants . To facilitate interpretation of the findings, we report the effects of individual, family, and contextual variables separately in Figures 1–3.

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Roman citizenship reflected a struggle between the upper-class patrician interests against the lower-order working groups known as the plebeian class. A citizen came to be understood as a person “free to act by law, free to ask and expect the law’s protection, a citizen of such and such a legal community, of such and such a legal standing in that community”. Citizenship meant having rights to have possessions, immunities, expectations, which were “available in many kinds and degrees, available or unavailable to many kinds of person for many kinds of reason”. Roman citizenship was more impersonal, universal, multiform, having different degrees and applications.

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A Reuters Special Report in October 2019 showed family members and key police, business and political associates of Hun Sen had used their wealth to buy a foreign nationality via a citizenship for sale arrangement in Cyprus. The person must have lived in Nigeria continuously for a period of 15 years preceding the application date. A person who has lived continuously for a duration of 12 months in Nigeria, then over the next 20 years lived in Nigeria intermittently for periods totalling not less than 15 years can also apply if they fulfil the other requirements.

Becoming A Dutch National By Means Of An Option Application

Your continuous stay can be void if you leave France for more than six consecutive months out of a total of 10 months; exceptions exist in certain cases. Examples of exceptions include serious illness, maternity, military service, study, or research. Due to COVID-19, renunciation services are suspended until further notice.
How To Get Involved In European Policy (2)
As broad national policies exercise influence at the Ministry whereas policing takes precedence at the prefecture, the Ministry decides whether an immigrant is naturalized, but the prefecture, in controlling the downstream paper flow, determines whether an immigrant can be a candidate . By Lasse Schuldt Universal security narratives on fake news, terrorist financing, and foreign interference have been adopted across the region – with troubling effects on freedom of expression. This knee-jerk reaction points to Rainsy’s continued ability to get under Hun Sen’s skin, even from exile, and the way in which a single erroneous newspaper report, like the proverbial beat of the butterfly’s wings, can set off serious political aftershocks in far-off Phnom Penh. It also suggests the sensitivity that attaches to questions of turkish citizenship and loyalty in Cambodian politics. However, the erroneous report was revealing for the series of overreactions that it prompted in Phnom Penh.

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In an unsettled, ever-changing world, acquiring an alternative is a wise decision and an investment for the future. Turkey The Turkey Citizenship by Investment Program provides citizenship of a country with links to both Asia and Europe and access to the markets in both regions. St. Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts and Nevis has one of the strongest passports among all the Caribbean citizenship programs. Jordan Jordan’s citizenship program grants investors access to a business-friendly location and citizenship of this diverse and peaceful Arab country for an investment of USD 750,000. Learn how to get a Green Card, become a permanent resident, and handle other residency issues.
How To Get Involved In European Policy (3)
As the requirements for applying for or submitting notification of Norwegian citizenship vary, you mustcheck which rules apply to your case at Applying for Norwegian citizenship requires submitting a police certificate of conduct. This means that before applying for Norwegian citizenship, you mustapply for a police certificate of conduct. This certificate must be attached to your application when you submit it to the police. Some people must apply, while others can submit notification of citizenship instead of applying.

For the purposes of this section the term document means a certificate or other document issued under this Act; and includes a certificate or other document issued under any enactment referred to in section 25; and also includes a duplicate of any such certificate or other document. Any authority and any directions under this section may be given to a specified person, or to the holder for the time being of a specified office. The Minister shall, if satisfied that any such person is or is not a New Zealand citizen, issue a certificate to that effect. This section does not apply to a person who has previously been deprived of New Zealand law firm turkey by order under section 16 or section 17, or renounced his or her citizenship under section 15. The citizenship of any New Zealand citizen by descent that has lapsed before the commencement of the Citizenship Amendment Act 2000 is reinstated with effect from the time it lapsed. Supporting documents must be attached to an application as prescribed in the Births and Deaths Registration Act.

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The deal, worth billions, is still working its way through the Foreign Military Sales process which is subject to approval by the U.S. “As a matter of policy, the Department does not confirm or comment on proposed defense sales or transfers until they have been formally notified to Congress,” a spokesperson for the State Department said. Donald Trump intends to assert executive privilege in a congressional investigation into the Jan. 6 insurrection at the Capitol, a move that could prevent the testimony of onetime aides, according to a letter on behalf of the former president. The letter went to at least some witnesses who were subpoenaed by the House committee and it makes clear that Trump plans to invoke privileges meant to protect presidential communications from being shared with Congress.

The reasons for this have been traced back to the development of the state, and also the British Empire which ruled territories and people as British subjects . However, not all subjects of the British Empire were equal to one another. MacDonald has cogently argued that ‘the Aliens Act 1905 was not merely born out of an enormous anti-Jewish agitation. It also came in the wake of half a century of agitation for the strictest control of non-white immigration throughout the self-governing part of the Commonwealth’ .

(Video) The European Union & the United Kingdom: A Troubled Relationship | EU History Explained Episode 4

This explains Habermas’s militant support of the European project and, more specifically, his belief that adopting a constitution could have a “catalytic effect” on the process of constructing a ‘more perfect Union’ . Postnationalists do not dispute the key role played by the nation in making republican politics possible in large modern states. They agree that reference to a common nationality allowed the political mobilization of their inhabitants, calling on their shared descent, history or language.

Only complete applications with required supporting documents will be accepted and processed for Foreign Birth Registration. All births registered by the Department are in terms of the Births and Deaths Registration Act. There is no exclusion or separate requirements for foreign birth registrations. All supporting documents must be attached to enable easy reference to an application.


How do I get involved in the European Union? ›

A country wishing to join the EU submits a membership application to the Council, which asks the Commission to assess the applicant's ability to meet the Copenhagen criteria. Based on the Commission's opinion, the Council then decides on a negotiation mandate.

What are the 4 main responsibilities of the European Commission? ›

The Commission has five main tasks:
  • Legislative initiative. The European Commission is the sole holder of the right of legislative initiative within the EU. ...
  • Enforcing European legislation. ...
  • Executive power. ...
  • Managing the budget. ...
  • Publishing advice and recommendations.

What are the 4 priorities of the EU? ›

The 4 priorities
  • Protecting citizens and freedoms. ...
  • Developing a strong and vibrant economic base. ...
  • Building a climate-neutral, green, fair and social Europe. ...
  • Promoting European interests and values on the global stage.

What values in the EU do you consider the most important? ›

The European Union is founded on the following values:
  • Human dignity. Human dignity is inviolable. ...
  • Freedom. Freedom of movement gives citizens the right to move and reside freely within the Union. ...
  • Democracy. The functioning of the EU is founded on representative democracy. ...
  • Equality. ...
  • Rule of law. ...
  • Human rights.

Who can participate to the EU project? ›

EU funding is available for any size of enterprise in any sector including entrepreneurs, start-ups, micro companies, small and medium-sized enterprises, and larger businesses. Every year the EU supports more than 200,000 businesses.

Who is closest to joining the EU? ›

There are seven recognised candidates for membership of the European Union: Turkey (applied in 1987), North Macedonia (2004), Montenegro (2008), Albania (2009), Serbia (2009), Ukraine (2022), and Moldova (2022).

What are 3 benefits of being part of the EU? ›

Key European Union achievements and tangible benefits
  • a continent at peace.
  • freedom for its citizens to live, study or work anywhere in the EU.
  • the world's biggest single market.
  • aid and development assistance for millions of people worldwide.

Which are the 3 main institutions involved in EU decision making? ›

There are 3 main institutions involved in EU decision-making: the European Parliament, representing EU citizens. the Council of the European Union, representing EU governments. the European Commission, representing the EU's overall interests.

What are the three core principles of the EU? ›

The common principles and values that underlie life in the EU: freedom, democracy, equality and the rule of law, promoting peace and stability.

What is the biggest current challenge for the EU? ›

Almost every second European (49%) sees climate change as the main global challenge for the future of the EU, with overwhelming support for the environmental objectives of the European Green Deal: 88% of Europeans think it is important to increase the share of renewable energy in our economy and have greater energy ...

What do EU policies aim to ensure? ›

EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market; enact legislation in justice and home affairs; and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries and regional development. Passport controls have been abolished for travel within the Schengen Area.

What are the 7 main institutions of the EU? ›

EU Institutions
  • European Council. ...
  • Council of the European Union. ...
  • European Commission. ...
  • European Parliament. ...
  • Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) ...
  • Court of Auditors. ...
  • European Ombudsman.

What is the most important information about Europe? ›

Europe is the second smallest continent in size but the third largest in population. The European continent houses land area of 50 countries. However, of these 50 countries only 44 have their capital city on the European continent!

Why are European standards important? ›

Every European standard adopted at the international level brings a competitive advantage to European businesses. The geopolitics of new technologies and advanced manufacturing require Europe to ensure the efficient and effective functioning of its standardisation system.

What makes EU unique? ›

At the core of the EU are the 27 Member States that belong to the EU, and their citizens. The unique feature of the EU is that, although the Member States all remain sovereign and independent states, they have decided to pool some of their 'sovereignty' in areas where it makes sense to work together.

What 3 countries are trying to join the EU? ›

Which countries are currently trying to join the EU? Today, there are five other current candidate countries besides Ukraine and Moldova: Albania, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey.

Who are the 5 members of the EU? ›

The EU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

Do I qualify for EU? ›

You can do this in a number of ways: Either marry a European spouse, live in a country for a certain number of years, apply for an EU residency program, or have a family member that's part of a European Union member state.

Which country never joined the EU? ›

For the EU, Switzerland is a tricky customer. In 1992, the country voted “No” to joining the European Economic Area (EEA); in 2021, it unilaterally broke off negotiations on a framework agreement with the EU.

Which countries did not join the EU? ›

Currently, 23 countries located in the continent of Europe, are not part of the European Union.
The European countries that are not members of the EU:
  • Albania*
  • Andorra.
  • Armenia.
  • Azerbaijan.
  • Belarus.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina**
  • Georgia.
  • Iceland.

Are there any countries waiting to join the EU? ›

Albania, Moldova, the Republic of North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine are candidate countries. Negotiations are held with each candidate country to determine their ability to apply EU legislation (acquis) and examine their possible request for transition periods.

Why is joining the EU important? ›

price stability. the euro makes it easier, cheaper and safer for businesses to buy and sell within the euro area and to trade with the rest of the world. improved economic stability and growth. better integrated and therefore more efficient financial markets.

Which country in the EU has the best benefit system? ›

The Top 5 were France, Finland, Belgium, Denmark and Italy. OECD countries spent an average of 20% of their GDP on social expenditure, on things such as public cash benefits, healthcare and pensions.

What does the EU do for me? ›


How are EU decisions made? ›

The Council is an essential EU decision-maker. It negotiates and adopts new EU legislation, adapts it when necessary, and coordinates policies. In most cases, the Council decides together with the European Parliament through the ordinary legislative procedure, also known as 'codecision'.

Who is responsible for EU monetary policy? ›

The European Central Bank (ECB) is the central bank for the eurozone, the group of nineteen countries who use the euro common currency. Its mandate is to maintain price stability by setting key interest rates and controlling the union's money supply.

Who controls the EU? ›

The European Council sets the EU's main political priorities and overall policy direction. It is chaired by a president who is elected every 2½ years. The European Council does not pass EU laws.

What are the main challenges facing the EU today? ›

Since the beginning of the eurozone crisis in 2009, the EU has experienced a series of challenges, including a massive influx of refugees, Brexit, the coronavirus pandemic, and the Russian invasion of Ukraine. It is safe to predict that this era of crises will continue for a number of years.

What are the four freedoms EU law? ›

in a speech to the European Parliament on 17 January 1989 “European leaders have said many times that membership means accepting the “four freedoms” of goods, capital, services and people.

What is Article 4 Europe? ›

No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Text: The right in Article 4 is the right guaranteed by Article 3 of the ECHR, which has the same wording: "No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment".

Who got kicked out of the EU? ›

Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) states that "Any Member State may decide to withdraw from the Union in accordance with its own constitutional requirements". As of 2022, the United Kingdom is the only former member state to have withdrawn from the European Union.

How many times was UK rejected from EU? ›

During the UK's time as a member state two referendums were held on the issue of its membership, with the first being held on 5 June 1975, resulting in a vote to stay in the EC, and the second, held on 23 June 2016, which resulted in the vote to leave the EU.

Is Europe struggling economically? ›

In the near term we expect a recession in Europe in the winter of 2022-23 as a result of energy shortages and sustained elevated inflation”, the EIU said. “The winter of 2023-24 will also be challenging, and so we expect high inflation and sluggish growth until at least 2024.”

Who has the power in the EU? ›

The European Commission is the executive of the EU. This means that it is responsible for initiating laws, enforcing the laws of the EU and managing the EU's policies. It is made up of 27 commissioners (one from each member state) and is based in Brussels.

What are the 5 top aims of the EU? ›

The aims and values of the EU

To promote peace and the well-being of EU citizens. To offer EU citizens freedom, security and justice, without internal borders, while also controlling external borders. To work towards the sustainable development of Europe, promoting equality and social justice.

What were the 6 original EU countries? ›

The organisation founded in 1957 which is now known as the European Union, originally had six members: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.

Which is the most influential country in Europe? ›

Top 10 Strongest And Most Powerful Countries in Europe Currently
  • Germany: Germany's economy is the fourth strongest in the world and the strongest in Europe. ...
  • The United Kingdom: With a GDP of $2.7 trillion, the United Kingdom is second among the top 10 economies in Europe.
12 Jul 2022

Why is Europe called Europe? ›

Europe is the second-smallest continent. The name Europe, or Europa, is believed to be of Greek origin, as it is the name of a princess in Greek mythology. The name Europe may also come from combining the Greek roots eur- (wide) and -op (seeing) to form the phrase “wide-gazing.”

What are the 3 importance of standards? ›

Benefits of Using Standards

Standards ensure the safety, quality and reliability of products and services; they facilitate trade and protect our health and the health of the environment. For business, standards improve systems and processes; they reduce waste, cut costs and ensure consistency.

Why do we need to apply standards? ›

Standards are needed to assure safety of products, to ensure that products and materials are tailored-made for their purpose, promote the interoperability of products and services, facilitate trade by removing trade barriers, promote common understanding of a product.

Where can I find European standards? ›

European Standards can be found on the respective Catalogues of the European Standardization Bodies (CEN, CENELEC and ETSI). The national adoptions of the European Standards can be found on the respective catalogues of the National Standardization Bodies.

What is the official EU motto? ›

"United in diversity", the motto of the European Union, first came into use in 2000. It signifies how Europeans have come together, in the form of the EU, to work for peace and prosperity, while at the same time being enriched by the continent's many different cultures, traditions and languages.

How much does it cost to enter the EU? ›

The ETIAS will cost €7 (£5.85) for a three-year permit, that allows “third-country nationals” to enter the Schengen area for up to 90 days within a 180-day period. Only travellers between the ages of 18 and 70 must comply.

What can you do as a member of the European Union? ›

All EU citizens have the right and freedom to choose in which EU country they want to study, work or retire. Every EU country must treat EU citizens in exactly the same way as its own citizens when it comes to matters of employment, social security and tax. The EU's main economic engine is the single market.

Can non EU citizens work for the European Union? ›

As a non-EU national, you may have the right to work in the EU and to be treated equally with EU nationals about work conditions. These rights depend on your nationality or on your status as family members of EU nationals.

Can you join the EU without the euro? ›

All EU Member States, except Denmark, are required to adopt the euro and join the euro area. To do this they must meet certain conditions known as 'convergence criteria'. Why are there conditions for entry to the euro area?

Which is the cheapest EU country? ›


One of the cheapest countries in Europe is Bulgaria. You're bound to save money travelling throughout this beautiful country. The capital city of Sofia is absolutely stunning! And luckily most of the main attractions, even in Sofia, are affordable.

Which country pays the most to the EU? ›

An Unequal Share
RankMember StatePer capita net contribution (€ per resident)
#2United Kingdom€254
6 more rows
20 Sept 2019

How quickly can a country join the EU? ›

How long does joining the EU typically take? On average, it's taken about nine years for each of the 21 current members that underwent the accession process to join the EU. (The six other current EU countries were original founding members.)

Why should you join the EU? ›

price stability. the euro makes it easier, cheaper and safer for businesses to buy and sell within the euro area and to trade with the rest of the world. improved economic stability and growth. better integrated and therefore more efficient financial markets.

What are the benefits of being an EU member? ›

General Advantages
  • Membership in a community of stability, democracy, security and prosperity;
  • Stimulus to GDP growth, more jobs, higher wages and pensions;
  • Growing internal market and domestic demand;
  • Free movement of labour, goods, services and capital;
  • Free access to 450 million consumers.

What are the five main roles of the European Commission? ›

The Commission helps to shape the EU's overall strategy, proposes new EU laws and policies, monitors their implementation and manages the EU budget. It also plays a significant role in supporting international development and delivering aid.

Which country in Europe is easiest to get a job? ›

Thinking of moving to Europe? Here are the easiest countries to get a work visa
  • Denmark. Denmark is also in dire need of workers in all kinds of industries and is looking for professionals from other countries to step in and help. ...
  • Ireland. ...
  • Portugal.
2 Oct 2022

Which European country gives work permit easily? ›

The Netherlands

They are also famed for being flexible with their work visas. Known as the 'Orientation visa', it allows permits for a non-EU citizen and has no restrictions. You can stay in the Netherlands and work for a year once you complete your graduation. You do not need to submit proof of sufficient funds.

How can I move to Europe without a job? ›

The best way to move to Europe without a job is by getting a student visa and studying there. Whether it's for your Bachelor's or Master's or even just a language school, this is the most common and easiest entrance into a lot of countries in Europe.

Why is Turkey not in the EU? ›

Since 2016, accession negotiations have stalled. The EU has accused and criticized Turkey for human rights violations and deficits in rule of law. In 2017, EU officials expressed that planned Turkish policies violate the Copenhagen criteria of eligibility for an EU membership.

Why Sweden did not join euro? ›

2003 referendum

A referendum held in September 2003 saw 55.9 percent vote against membership of the eurozone. As a consequence, Sweden decided in 2003 not to adopt the euro for the time being.


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